All vital inside elements of a computer system are linked to a flat, rectangular circuit board known as the computer motherboard. If the CPU is known because the “brains” of a computer, the motherboard could be regarded as the “heart.” In pc terminology, the motherboard can also be called the logic board, mainboard, or system board. It is commonly abbreviated as “mobo” or MB.
While a motherboard doesn’t enhance the speed of a computer, it is one of the most essential parts of a computer because it links all components that permit a computer system to function. In case you are purchasing a barebone system, it will always come with a motherboard which serves as the spine or backbone upon which other pc components will be attached.
Most of a pc’s inside components are plugged directly onto the motherboard through sockets or slots. A motherboard may include an Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) that can be used to attach an AGP video card, Peripheral Element Interconnect (PCI) slots for PCI video cards and network cards, and Integrated Drive Electronics (IDE) interfaces for hard drives and optical drives. The pc motherboard additionally accommodates several ports for external peripherals like the monitor, printer, keyboard, mouse, speakers and removable devices.
A pc component may be constructed into the motherboard. Some examples are integrated sound cards, graphics cards or Network Interface Cards (NIC). A built-in pc component could also be disabled in favor of a more highly effective version.
In particular, the pc motherboard incorporates a socket that may accommodate a particular type of CPU. Some motherboards can only assist AMD CPUs while others are only compatible with Intel processors. There may be but no motherboard that can help all types of CPUs.
The pc motherboard also comprises a north bridge chipset and a south bridge chipset. The north bridge links the hard disk drive and RAM to the motherboard while the south bridge connects other computer parts like the video cards and sound cards to the motherboard.
Additionally, the motherboard has a Primary Enter/Output System (BIOS) chip that checks pc hardware like the power provide unit and the hard disk drives for malfunctions. After performing its hardware check, the BIOS chip powers up the computer CPU. When you boot up your PC, the BIOS is the first program run by the computer earlier than bringing you to Windows or your favored operating system.
The pc motherboard also features a real-time battery-operated clock chip that determines time. This is the reason why they’ll nonetheless tell time correctly even if they have not seen any use in weeks or months.
Simply put, the motherboard serves as a hub where the CPU, RAM, hard disk drive, optical drive, graphics card, sound card and different pc hardware can meet and mingle!
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